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审查拜登的“建筑物更好”的计划以及它对俄亥俄州山谷的意义意味着什么


由Liam Niemeyer.
俄亥俄州谷资源

David Meinschein的教师,员工和学生今年在冠状病毒大流行的惊人挑战中牺牲了很多。

他在民谣纪念高中的篮球体育馆内开设了门前 - 作为学校颜色的“绿色宫殿”。学校的空虚是另一个提醒Covid-19的影响。但作为他学区的助理主管,他为他的教师,学生和员工展示了骄傲。Meinschein认为大流行可能与另一个历史事件相比。

David Meinschein stands in front of the Ballard Memorial High School basketball gym, known as the “Green Palace”. (Photo by Liam Niemeyer, Ohio Valley ReSource)

“I think in a decade from now, we will see that this will be similar to going through the Great Depression,” Meinschein said. “That stoicism and that mentality that came out of the Great Depression, I think you will see that in people as we move forward.”

Ballard teachers put together paper instruction packets for students when the governor urged school districts to swiftly move to distance learning in the spring. They’ve adapted to using online programs that for some were completely new tools to learn, doing their best to engage students through the screen of a Chromebook. And they’ve adapted yet again when Ballard County Schools recently decided to move to all-virtual learning, with too many other teachers quarantined to continue in-person classes.

巴拉德县学校,一个约1,100名与俄亥俄州河流的学校,在这大流行中有一个优势,许多俄亥俄州山谷的许多农村地区都没有 - 广泛可用的农村宽带互联网。缺乏可靠的互联网服务的社区面临更大的学生落后的风险。

“我们只是住在一个你不应该这样做的时候,”他说。

在肯塔基州西部肯塔基州的巴拉德纪念高中的标志。(照片由俄亥俄州谷资源Liam Niemeyer)

在今年早些时候从互联网服务比较网站的一项研究中,肯塔基州的120个县中只有11个被分类为占据99%的人口,其中有线宽带。那些包括杰斐逊和法文县 - 列克星敦和路易斯维尔和巴拉德县的房屋。该县的本地电话合作建立了一个纤维宽带网络到其农村社区,并在联邦资金的帮助下继续扩大它。

Meinschein说,因为他看到了宽带为他的社区做宽带,他不仅仅是支持两党努力,将它提供给它缺乏的地方。

That’s just one area where President-Elect Joe Biden’s sweeping $2 trillion基础设施计划可以在俄亥俄州谷地区产生深远的影响。拜登的计划不仅将投资农村宽带,而且还强化清洁能源行业,并岸上努力挣扎水系统。

这是一个计划,拜登说将现代化国家,抵抗气候变化,创造数百万个就业机会,借鉴新的交易比较。俄亥俄州山谷倡导者希望这是一个计划,如果实现,那将改变该地区。但是,除了肯塔基共和党参议院的划分政府的可能性。Mitch Mcope体育滚球门户Connell保留了他的多数领导力,意味着新的政府将需要找到共同点,以使这一愿景成为现实。

在线连接

拜登为农村农村的计划提供了20亿美元的投资,建立了农村宽带接入,并鼓励城镇创造自己的市政宽带网络。但对于Marty Newell,它不是宽带投资旁边的美元符号,引起了他的眼睛。

“[竞选计划]部分的第一个句子是,'宽带是必不可少的。'这不是一个奢侈品,如果你能到伙伴,这不是一个很好的东西。参加21世纪的经济是必不可少的,“纽威尔说,谁领导农村宽带政策组在Whitesburg,基于肯塔基州Center for Rural Strategies

还鼓励芬德尔的计划倡导者数字股权法案, legislation that encourages education around how to use the internet and the opportunities it can provide. Newell said rural broadband is about more than just accessibility and affordability, it’s also “about making sure folks have the knowledge they need to take advantage of the tool.”

(点击查看更大的图像)

拜登的计划将宽带互联网与20世纪全国各地的电力传播。Newell与肯塔基州梅森县的祖父,乳制品和烟农的经验增加了个人比较。

“并非每个人都相信他们想要电力。我的祖父通过了电力,因为他看到挤奶机,如果他们是电动,那么比他手工换的概念更大的概念。“

他说,农村地点幸运能够拥有宽带基础设施可能仍然会面临着负担能力的问题。分散客户和更少的提供商的组合可以使互联网接入缺乏竞争服务选项的区域的低收入居民。例如,在巴拉德县,社区仍然为教堂和企业提供无线热点,为无法承受已经到位的宽带的学生家庭。ope体育正规大网

拜登计划还要求改革联邦通信委员会的生命线计划,为那些负担不起的人提供宽带补贴。批评者表示,为有需要的人而言,提供的补贴已经过分差异。

重要的是,Newell认为农村宽带有两分族支持。

“There is and will be sticking points about exactly how it happens. But it is not something that it makes any sense for any politician to oppose. You can’t oppose roads, you can’t oppose water and sewer,” Newell said. “Broadband is in that category now.”

Clean Water On Tap?

Biden’s transition plans also emphasize targeted investments for an infrastructure area that’s even more essential — clean drinking water.

马丁县依靠1968年建造的水处理厂。(照片由Benny Becker,俄亥俄州谷资源)

Since the Ohio Valley ReSourcefirst reported on the poor quality of water in Martin County, the county has become the prime example of a problem all-too common across the region: Aging water systems, a shrinking tax base, and a legacy of polluted waterways left behind by the coal industry.

Mary Cromer is the deputy director of theAppalachian Citizens的法律中心,谁也代表着Martin County Concerned Citizens, a group that is a party in a series of cases by the Kentucky Public Service Commission investigating the local water district. Martin County residents have long suffered frequent line breaks and water shut-offs due the district’s dilapidated infrastructure.

Cromer认为,招聘额外的基础设施的涌入对于阿巴拉契亚至关重要。没有外部资金,包括克罗默在内的倡导者担心像马丁县的水系统进一步失修。

“我认为,拜登管理肯定is signaling that they want to come in and they want to focus on repairing our dilapidated infrastructure, and that could be huge for our area,” Cromer said. “It’s not just Martin County. It’s a lot of Central Appalachia has very, very dilapidated infrastructure, not just water infrastructure.”

芭比扬·梅纳德在肯塔基州马丁县的家里驾驶45分钟路程,到西弗吉尼亚州Mingo-Logan County线的春天,以填充淡水的容器。(照片由Curren Sheldon,100天在Appalachia上)

2019年报告US Water Alliance将Appalachia确定为缺乏缺乏清洁水的国家六个“热点”之一。

克罗默也指出了潜力水司法行动introduced this year by then-U.S. Senator and now Vice-President-Elect Kamala Harris. Cromer said that legislation would not only include funding for income assistance to let people afford water but would also grant money that could help struggling water districts afford to make repairs to their system.

“他们每个月都必须在维护上花钱,因为[马丁县]系统处于如此糟糕的形状。所以这只是一个困境,“克罗默说。“除了我们必须有一些援助来帮助该区走出洞,没有真正的简单答案。”

变革气氛

Ted Boettner在拜登政府计划中看到了俄亥俄州山谷的机会,一个听到了该地区的过去投资的人 - 该阿巴拉契亚开发公路系统

“This huge, large-scale investment in our highway system helped connect rural places in Appalachia to the outside world. And it’s had huge, enormous benefits over the last couple decades,” Boettner said. He’s a senior researcher at the俄亥俄州河谷河学院,一个专注于俄亥俄谷地区的新智库。“我认为需要沿着这种规模的东西,而不是将农村连接到大都市区,我们需要能够连接到清洁能源经济中。”

本月安装了一个太阳能阵列在住房非营利组织,家庭公司(Homes,Inc。)

Boettner引用了一项研究,表明拆除公路系统将从全国各地的收入带走了近540亿美元的收入,从阿巴拉契亚县的损失有220亿美元。Boettner相信拜登计划的席卷投资现在可以为俄亥俄州谷创造新的经济转型。

Biden-Harris清洁能源计划呼吁该国的电力部门在2035年免费碳污染,同时还可以清理废弃的矿山和布朗菲尔德地点。投资还将支持太阳能和风浪行业,呼吁生产数百万太阳能电池板和成千上万的风力涡轮机。

Another key aspect in the plan is that 40% of the overall investment would go to disadvantaged communities, which could directly benefit Appalachia.

“The transformation vision is embodied by the Biden plan, with its investments in renewable energy and energy efficiency, would actually be great for the valley,” Sean O’ Leary said, another senior researcher at the think tank. “We’re talking about industries that are way more labor intensive and a disproportionate amount of funding would come to our region.”

o'Leary表示,拜登的视野与共和党人和中度民主人士推动的清洁能源计划,包括西弗吉尼亚州参议员,包括西弗吉尼亚州参议员,强调碳捕获技术而不是风和太阳能行业等举措。

Both Boettner and O’ Leary agree a plan for a cleaner energy economy is likely to happen, but whether Biden’s vision will lead the way remains to be seen, especially with the likely prospect of a Republican-controlled Senate.

无论哪种愿景都持有,俄亥俄州谷的利益攸关方都需要在桌面上座位讨论清洁能源未来。

“这将需要大量的公共投资来帮助过渡我们的能源经济。And if that’s curtailed, because some senators do not believe that it’s the public’s role to invest in those things, this region could be way worse off moving into the future,” Boettner said, warning that it could leave more people in the region feeling left out and left behind. “That would have some real bad impacts on our democracy.”

ReSource reporters Suhail Bhat, Sydney Boles, Brittany Patterson, and Alana Watson contributed reporting for this story.

基于默里的WKMS,Liam Niemeyer关于俄亥俄州谷地区基础设施和农业的报告俄亥俄州谷资源, a regional journalism collaborative reporting on economic and social change in Kentucky, Ohio, and West Virginia.


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