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Planning a Thanksgiving gathering? Here are questions to ask, and expert advice about testing


图片由盖蒂图像通过肯塔基州健康新闻。

Because just about everything that involves a traditional Thanksgiving meal creates a perfect storm to spread the virus that causes COVID-19, health experts are encouraging people to scale back holiday gatherings to just those in their immediate household, or to practice what epidemiologists call “harm reduction” if they choose to gather.

That poses the question, “If we’re going to celebrate the holiday — how can we make it as safe as possible?” Brian Resnick writes for Vox.

Resnick造成了提出的问题,以帮助降低传播病毒的风险,并在同时启动几个这些策略,而不是只有一个建议。这是他的问题和答案;在某些情况下,您必须提供自己的答案:

这个节日可以held remotely?“Celebrating virtually or with members of your own household (who are consistently taking measures to reduce the spread of covid-19) poses the lowest risk for spread,” says the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Thanksgiving guidance.

Can Thanksgiving be held outdoors?Resnick指出,虽然户外聚会比室内更安全,但重要的是要记住,这一策略不是万无一失,而人们仍然需要在社交距离和面具佩戴面具。

它可以是一个非常小的聚会吗?知道这一点,他写道:你包括的人越多,它就越危险。

如果它在室内,可以通风良好吗?打开窗户,在一些窗口中使用粉丝删除旧空气和其他窗户以引入新的空气。运行HEPA空气净化器是您有一个。他仍然写道,“我们不能通过通风和空气净化,我们的方式戴上面具,减少室内空间的入住和物理距离。”

Can it be quick?Yes, and the longer you spend with an infected person, the more likely the virus is to be transmitted.

Does there really need to be food?如果将家庭带到一起,你可以在没有坐下的一餐的情况下感恩节,这需要拆除面具并鼓励像大喊大叫一样呼吸呼吸活动。

客人事先隔离吗?也许之后,Resnick补充道。

脆弱的人会出席?考虑排除那些高风险,如老年人和那些患有糖尿病和心脏病等潜在条件的人。

Can the number of people traveling from hot-spot regions be reduced?

大家是否在掩蔽和个人风险方面参加同一页面?For example, families should ask one another, “How often do you wear a mask, and where?”

Is everyone in attendance willing to be transparent and honest if they do get sick?Resnick写道,“这就是我们如何防止一个家庭爆发成为一个巨大的集群。”

Resnick says the overarching question is: “Can you live with a scenario where someone — or many people — at the gathering get COVID-19?”

哈佛大学流行病学家Julia Marcus告诉Resnick,重要的是对你最重要的事情很重要:“我能和这里能住在哪里?我可以忍受没有传统的感恩吗?“

还有一些问题,有些问题是问:我们在我们得到测试后如何收集?这可能听起来像是一个好主意,但它有太多的陷阱依靠,克里斯蒂阿什沃特为有线写道。

“As a means of eliminating risk in the midst of a pandemic, the everyone-has-gotten-tested method is utterly absurd,” writes Aschwanden, an award-winning science journalist. “A negative test doesn’t guarantee that anyone is covid-free, and it’s never license to let down your guard. You might, for instance, contract the virus in the interim between being tested and receiving your results, or between getting your results and seeing your friends and family. (The testing site itself could even be where that happens.)

“测试不是准确的100%。在实践中,他们的错误率可能甚至高于您首先感染的机会。您将在任何医学测试上收到错误结果的可能性不仅取决于测试的先天准确性,而且取决于您的基线风险。如果你进入一个不太可能有这种疾病的人,即使是真实的测试也会比真实的阳性更好。相反,获得负面的结果不会给你你以前没有的那么多信息。它可能只会增加你对边缘的信心,从95到98%上说,你还没有生病。“

That said, tests can be part of a multi-faceted preventive approach.

For The Conversation, a nonprofit that offers research-based journalism from academics, American University epidemiologist Melissa Hawkins writes that her family’s plans for the holiday include testing, less travel and fewer people.

She says instead of their usual pilgrimage to Florida, along with both grandparents, to celebrate with all of the cousins, this year her family will stay home and keep their gathering “small and flexible.”

她建议前往聚会的人们预先在公共卫生实践中继续保持警惕,特别是如果祖父母和老年人会出席。她说,她的家人已同意在假期前一周尽可能多地将与人的联系限制在一起,包括他们经常看到的少数人。

结合,每个人来她家都达成了一个基于实验室的“金牌”PCR测试,在72小时内进行感恩节,允许时间恢复结果。她补充说,如果需要,他们会得到快速测试,但指出这是第二选择,因为它们不太可靠。

她说,她的家人将有一个短暂的,户外感恩节,一个小组在一个空间中允许它们之间有足够的空间,她将提供个人“护理包装”,让每个人都有自己的毯子,手动消毒剂,器具和面具。如果天气不合作,计划B涉及大量的敞开窗户,排气扇和空气净化器,每个人都散发出来。

And whether inside or out, she writes that everyone will wear masks when they aren’t eating, and social distance. She also notes it’s important to be mindful of alcohol consumption, since it lowers inhibitions.

肯塔基州公共卫生部发出了庆祝感恩节的指导,以防止病毒的传播。

这种指导说,任何有冠状病毒的案例的人,任何有病毒症状的人,任何等待测试结果的人,任何可能在过去的14天内和任何可能导致风险的人接触到某人的人来自病毒的严重疾病应该“不承担或参加任何人的庆祝活动”。

From Kentucky Health News


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